Every year, a million dogs are brutally slaughtered for meat while the government turns a blind eye.
In South Korea, where 1 out of 5 humans live with dogs, the animal is legally categorized and protected as ‘companion animal’ under the Animal Protection Act. However, at the same time, millions of dogs are suffering from the dog meat trade that persists to this day.
Under the Sanitary Control of Livestock Products Act, dogs are not to be consumed as ‘food’. Regardless, the number of farms that systematically breed and raise dogs for meat reaches up to three thousand in this country. They kill a million each year, and sell those to markets and restaurants nationwide.
The cause of this legal contraction is the outdated Livestock Industry Act, which still recognizes dogs as ‘livestock’. Indeed, our canine friends are considered as both ‘companion’ and ‘livestock’ by the Korean law. Hence the current legal loophole: 1) dogs are not labeled as “food” (Sanitary Control of Livestock Products Act); 2) must not be maltreated or slaughtered (Animal Protection Act); but are still 3) bred and raised in dog farms in horrific conditions (Livestock Industry Act).
As we welcome 2018, the first year of the golden dog in sixty years, we demand the Korean government to finally answer this long-neglected question: IS DOG A FRIEND OR FOOD?
Join Last Chance for Animals and Animal Liberation Wave to support #StopDogMeat campaign by signing the petition.
The government’s negligence is at the core of dog meat problem.
- Conflicting Legal Status: Companion animal or food?
- Industrialized: One and only, South Korea’s dog farms.
- Abusive: dog farms, the living hell
- Public safety: risking our environment and health
Conflicting Legal Status:
Companion animal or food?
Dogs are companion animals under the Animal Protection Act
Animal Protection Act
Article 1 (Purpose) The purpose of this Act is to protect the life, safety and welfare of animals by stipulating the necessary conditions for proper protection and management of animals thus preventing abuse. The purpose is to contribute to cultivating the emotions of the people.
Enforcement Rule of the Animal Protection Act
Article 35 (1) In Article 32 (1) of the Act, "dogs, cats, rabbits, and other animals prescribed by the Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs Ordinance" include dog , cat, rabbit, ferret, guinea pig, and hamster that are reared in homes for companionship
The Sanitary Control of Livestock Products Act does not govern dogs as food.
The Sanitary Control of Livestock Products Act
Article 2 (Definitions) does not include dogs under "livestock" as animals intended for consumption
Yet, the Livestock Industry Act is still recognizing dogs as ‘livestock’
Enforcement Rule of the Livestock Industry Act
Article 2 (Kinds of Livestock) The term "animals prescribed by the Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs Ordinance" in Article 2, Paragraph 1 of the Act shall mean any of the following: 1. Mules, donkeys, rabbits and dogs
Through this legal loophole dog meat is being produced and distributed.
One and only, South Korea’s dog farms.
At least 2862 dog farms
14.7% are factory farms
A million slaughtered for meat every year, 40.5% live in factory farms
One and only, South Korea’s dog farms
South Korea is the only country in the world where dogs are ‘farmed’ for human consumption. There are at least 2,862 dog farms nationwide that breed and raise dogs systematically for meat. What makes it worse is how farms are becoming more and more industrialized in the absence of government control. About half(40.5%) the dogs slaughtered each year are already being raised in those large-scale, factory-like farms that house more than 500 individuals.
Dogs are crushed into cages while being transported by trucks. It is usual that around twenty dogs are crammed into one wire cage and endure unforgiving heat of summer with broken limbs. Indeed, Many dogs die out, not making the long, painful journey.
Dogs, not governed by the Sanitary Control of Livestock Products Act as food, are in effect slaughtered ‘anywhere’ hidden, without people passing by. Many are slaughtered brutally without necessary measures to reduce pain.
They are electrocuted, hung, beaten with medal rods, and sometimes even boiled alive, all in front of the eyes of other dogs being caged. Since there is no law governing how dogs are slaughtered for food, none of the above activities end up punished.
dog farms, the living hell
Dog farms are living hell from which dogs can only come out dead.
Lifelong in small, barren cages
Dogs live confined in metal cages installed about 10~12 inches above from the ground. Such cages make it convenient for farmers to take care of feces, but for dogs, it is horrific condition to live in. The cages are most often too small for their bodies and do not provide adequate protection from extreme weather conditions. Standing comfortably on the ground is a luxury not granted, and dogs are easily wounded by slipping through the holes. No medical care is ever given - they live with wounds, infections, diseases and are untreated from birth until death.
Odor of feces
Feces fall naturally through the cages and compile on the ground, causing soil and water pollution where necessary treatment facility is absent. Serious odor instead of fresh air gives constant stress to dogs having highly developed sense of smell.
Eating food waste
Dogs are given food waste their entire lives which is more economical for farmers. Dogs often die in hunger, especially during winter, when even food waste is not distributed regularly. Clean water is not provided as it is mixed in with the food waste. Dogs are sometimes even fed the boiled up remains of other dogs that die in the cages, as witnessed by many activists and investigators
Fear for the outside world
When the cages are open, it is the end of life not liberation. Dogs remember how numerous other dogs have been dragged out and slaughtered, becoming fearful of people. When a person comes nearby, they respond by barking harsh or hiding at the back, refusing to come out, which makes even rescue operations hard.
Nearby dog farms, feces or dead bodies are not handled and treated environmentally, posting threats to public safety and health. Feces that compile on the ground are left to rot and heavily polluted materials most often flow to nearby rivers or underground. and materials heavily polluted most often just flows to nearby rivers or underground.
New virus attack
More than 70% of recent major infectious diseases are animal-induced. H3N2 dog influenza which is transmitted easily through the air and direct contact was first found and identifies in a dog farm. Dogs that haven’t been vaccinated in farms are likely to become carriers for new types of viruses after eating food waste or carcasses of dead animals. *참고: 송대섭(2008), Transmission of Avian Influenza Virus to Dogs
Heavy usage of antibiotics
Consuming livestock products high in antibiotics causes humans to become resistant to it, inhibiting effective treatment of disease when needed. According to World Health Organization (WHO), 6 out of 1 dies because of antibiotic resistance. Dog meat which is not governed by the Sanitary Control of Livestock Products Act has been discovered to contain antibiotics and germs much more than the quantity normally allowed.
We need corresponding changes to the declining era of dog meat
8 out of 10 South Koreans do not eat dog meat.
Dog meat no longer occupies an important position in food culture. In the last one year, 81.2% of South Koreans have not eaten dog meat at all, and merely 2% consumed once or more in a month.
40.5% of South Koreans are inexperienced to dog meat. 24.8% are voluntary quitters who decided not to consume dog meat any more. Continuous consumers(18.8%) tend to be conservative male in their fifties and sixties.
Opposing dog meat is the new norm.
Nearly half of South Koreans are already against dog meat consumption. When shown the information about the inhumane condition of dog farms, almost half the people who replied ‘for’ switched their position to ‘against’ or ‘undecided’. 36.9% of ‘undecided’ South Koreans changed their position of ‘against’.
Dog meat industry is not desirable.
‘South Korea is the only country where dog meat farms and the dog farmers’
‘dog farms are becoming industrialized’
7 out of 10 South Koreans are not aware of the fact that ‘South Korea is the only country where dog meat farms and the dog farmers’ association exists with government registration’ and that ‘dog farms are becoming industrialized’. Only 21.1% and 9.3% think the facts are ‘desirable’ respectively.
Flower Dog Project is a nationwide campaign of ALW and LCA to bring awareness of the dog meat trade to the Korean public and international tourists. To see 8 flower dogs’ protest with activists, click on the photo above!